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Drug, alcohol and tobacco — Pennsylvania

Federal drug-free workplace requirements


Under the federal Drug-Free Workplace Act (enacted in 1988 and modified in 1994), employers with federal contracts of $100,000 or more must take several steps related to controlled substances in the workplace. The law also applies to federal grantees and individuals with federal contracts but no subcontracts or sub-grantees. Although drug testing is not mandated by this law, the employer must do at least the following:

  • certify to the contracting or granting agency that the employer will meet specified requirements to ensure their workplace is free of illegal drugs
  • must make a good-faith effort to maintain a drug-free workplace by complying with these requirements
  • establish a policy prohibiting the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession or use of controlled substances in the workplace (no specific format for the policy is given, however the policy statement must specify the consequences of its violation)
  • publish the policy and provide a copy to the employees