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Wages and hours — Pennsylvania

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) was originally enacted in 1938 to ensure employees a “fair wage for a fair day’s work,” and it has been amended several times since then. The FLSA establishes standards for:

  • a minimum wage rate
  • overtime pay
  • child labor (see Child labor)
  • recordkeeping

While the FLSA requires employers to pay a minimum wage and overtime to many employees, it also contains numerous exemptions from these requirements. These subjects, among others, are addressed in this chapter.

Most states have enacted their own overtime laws whose provisions sometimes differ from those of the FLSA. For example, Pennsylvania’s Minimum Wage Act currently sets the minimum wage at the same rate required by federal law, but from time to time it has provided a higher minimum wage than required by federal law. It also contains fewer overtime exceptions than the FLSA. Applicable Pennsylvania laws are also discussed in this chapter. 

Employers are required to comply with federal, state and local wage and hour laws wherever they operate. Therefore, if a state or local law imposes a higher minimum wage or makes overtime exemptions more restrictive, the employer must...

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