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Unions — Pennsylvania

The National Labor Relations Act


The provisions of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) apply, with few exceptions, to all employers engaged in operations “affecting commerce.” Commerce is the buying and selling of goods. The Act does not cover those employers whose effect on commerce is extremely minimal.

The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) has set administrative standards that are used to determine its jurisdiction. Non-retail businesses must either purchase or sell, directly or indirectly, goods or services to entities located outside the state of Pennsylvania, the value of which exceeds $50,000. Retail businesses, on the other hand, must do an annual volume of business, including sales and excise taxes, of at least $500,000. For businesses engaged in both retail business and manufacturing (non-retail), the act will apply if the business meets either the retail or non-retail standard. In addition, nursing homes, visiting nurse associations and related hospital and healthcare facilities with gross annual revenues of over $100,000 fall within the jurisdiction of the Board. Proprietary and nonprofit hospitals with gross annual revenues over $250,000 are under the Board’s jurisdiction.

The term “employee”...

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