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Unions — Texas

Labor unions in Texas are covered by the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), the Texas Right-to-Work Law and Chapter 101 of the Texas Labor Code. In most instances, the NLRA will take precedence over state law.

The National Labor Relations Act


The provisions of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) apply, with few exceptions, to all employers engaged in operations “affecting commerce.” Commerce is the buying and selling of goods. The Act does not cover those employers whose effect on commerce is extremely minimal.

The National Labor Relations Board (the Board) has set up administrative standards that are used to determine its jurisdiction. Non-retail businesses must have either direct or indirect sales of goods or services to consumers located outside the state of Texas, the value of which exceeds $50,000. Retail businesses, on the other hand, must do an annual volume of business, including sales and excise taxes, of at least $500,000. For businesses engaged in both retail business and manufacturing (non-retail), the Act will apply if the business meets either the retail or non-retail standard. In addition, nursing homes, visiting...

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