Discrimination — Texas
Discrimination may occur in many forms, including discrimination based on race, national origin, religion, age, sex, citizenship status, veteran status or disability. Federal and Texas state law regulate discrimination in employment. The major federal laws prohibiting employment discrimination include:
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act - Title VII of the Civil Rights Act (Title VII) is probably the best known of the various federal anti-discrimination statutes. It governs the employment practices of most public and private employers, prohibiting employment discrimination based upon race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
Title VII applies to private employers who employ 15 or more persons in each of 20 consecutive calendar weeks of the current or preceding year. Public employers also can be covered under Title VII.
- Americans with Disabilities Act - The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal law that prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities in the context of private employment, public transportation and accommodations and telecommunications. The ADA prohibits discrimination in employment against qualified individuals with disabilities by private employers with 15 or more employees.